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Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar

The Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar (Navy and Marine Corps designation R4Q) was an American military transport aircraft developed from the World War II Fairchild C-82 Packet, designed to carry cargo, personnel, litter patients, and mechanized equipment, and to drop cargo and troops by parachute. The first C-119 made its initial flight in November 1947, and by the time production ceased in 1955, more than 1,100 C-119s had been built. Its cargo-hauling ability and unusual appearance earned it the nickname "Flying Boxcar".

The Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar, a U.S military transport aircraft, was designed for the air-drop of paratroops and large cargo, saw wartime service in Korea and Vietnam. The Boxcar was derived from the C-82 "Packet" transport - looking ever more like the identical to the final C-119 production models. The C-119 made its maiden flight in November 1947 and retired in 1974. From 1955 – 1973, the US Air Force Strategic Air Command had C-119 Flying Boxcars in service. The G version of the Boxcar had a replaced propeller systems, and improved equipment. A total of 480 C-119G examples were produced.

The AC-119G "Shadow" variant was fitted with four six-barrel 7.62 mm mini-guns, armor plating, flare-launchers, and night-capable infrared equipment. Like the AC-130 it would be a potent weapon. The AC-119 was made more deadly by the introduction of the AC-119K "Stinger" version, which featured the addition of two 20 mm cannon, improved avionics, and two underwing-mounted General Electric J85-GE-17 turbojet engines, adding nearly 6,000 lbf of thrust.


Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar

Specifications

General characteristics

Crew: 5

Capacity:62 troops or 35 stretchers

Payload: 10,000 lb (4,500 kg) of cargo

Length: 86 ft 6 in (26.37 m)

Wingspan: 109 ft 3 in (33.30 m)

Height: 26 ft 6 in (8.08 m)

Wing area: 1,447 ft² (134.4 m²)

Empty weight: 40,000 lb (18,000 kg)

Loaded weight: 64,000 lb (29,000 kg)

Max takeoff weight: 74,000 lb (34,000 kg)

Powerplant: 2× Pratt & Whitney R-4360-20[13][14] radial engines, 3,500 hp (2,611 kW each) each

Performance

Maximum speed: 296 mph (257 knots, 450 km/h)

Range: 2,280 mi (1,980 nm, 3,670 km)

Service ceiling: 23,900 ft (7,290 m)

Rate of climb: 1,010 ft/min (5.1 m/s)

Wing loading: 44 lb/ft² (216 kg/m²)

Power/mass: 0.11 hp/lb (180 W/kg)

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